This assessment represents the EU`s ongoing efforts – which include a series of reports, workshops and meetings – to ensure that the Association Agreement and other comprehensive regional trade agreements can serve their purpose and be implemented effectively. Since the 1990s, the EU has conducted ongoing economic cooperation with regional players in Latin America and the Caribbean. It has trade agreements with Latin American groups, a multi-party agreement with three members of the Andean Community and bilateral agreements with Chile and Mexico. In addition, the European Union and Mercosur have recently agreed on a bi-regional trade agreement after negotiations over the past 20 years (see our latest contribution).  The impact of the evaluation is therefore twofold. First, the report will show lessons for future implementation. Second, it will also provide data that can be usefully applied to other existing trade agreements and will inform the negotiations and design of future agreements. This assessment is part of the European Commission`s better legislation programme, which requires each Directorate-General of the European Commission to consult with citizens and stakeholders to identify areas for development of EU legislation. These results are expected to contribute to improved implementation of the agreement and should contribute to the recent conclusion of free trade agreements. The Association Agreement between Central America and the European Union came into force on 1 October 2013 for Costa Rica and El Salvador. Two months later, on December 1, 2013, the agreement came into force for Guatemala. On 6 April 2009, the EU issued a statement informing of the temporary halt in negotiations for an association agreement between the EU and Central America.
A few days later, on 24 April 2009, the EU and Central America agreed to resume negotiations for an agreement. Croatia joined the European Union on 1 July 2013 and that is why the parties to the agreement are currently negotiating its accession to the Association Agreement between Central America and the EU. On 13 May 2019, the European Commission published a roadmap for assessing and monitoring the adequacy of the Association Agreement to assess the economic, social, environmental and environmental impacts of the trade agreement since its first implementation. Three complementary pillars form the structure of the Association Agreement: political dialogue (part II), cooperation (part III) and trade (part IV). The objectives of Part IV are the removal or elimination of tariffs and non-tariff barriers, as well as the facilitation of trade through agreed provisions on the facilitation of tariffs and trade, standards, technical regulations and compliance assessment procedures. The comprehensiveness of the agreement includes the inclusion of specific competition provisions, improved access to public procurement and a chapter on the protection of intellectual, industrial and commercial property rights. In addition, the association agreement includes a mediation mechanism and a dispute resolution mechanism between states;  Provisions to promote sustainable development; consultation with civil society stakeholders in a bi-regional dialogue forum and advisory groups.